Lichens of Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France

Distribution map of Toninia episema (Nyl.) Timdal  by Paul Diederich   Toninia episema (Nyl.) Timdal
« Toninia candidaToninia philippea »
see legend below picture
10 m
photo #1 photo #2 photo #3 photo #4
Toninia episema – Spain, Mallorca, Orient, on Aspicilia calcarea, 2010, Diederich 16917 (paraphyses in water) – © 2010 by P. Diederich

Syn.: Catillaria episema (Nyl.) H. Olivier, Kiliasia episema (Nyl.) Hafellner, Scutula episema (Nyl.) Zopf

Lichenicolous, on Aspicilia calcarea over hard calcareous rocks.

Belgium: Mosan: R.

Luxembourg: - .

France: Mosan: RRR.

Lit.: L5: 21.

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